An Equational Theory for Weak Bisimulation via Generalized Parameterized Coinduction
Coinductive reasoning about infinitary structures such as streams is widely applicable. However, practical frameworks for developing coinductive proofs and finding reasoning principles that help structure such proofs remain a challenge, especially in the context of machine-checked formalization.
This paper gives a novel presentation of an equational theory for reasoning about structures up to weak bisimulation. The theory is both compositional, making it suitable for defining general-purpose lemmas, and also incremental, meaning that the bisimulation can be created interactively. To prove the theory’s soundness, this paper also introduces generalized parametric coinduction, which addresses expressivity problems of earlier works and provides a practical framework for coinductive reasoning. The paper presents the resulting equational theory for streams, but the technique applies to other structures too.
All of the results in this paper have been proved in Coq, and the generalized parametric coinduction framework is available as a Coq library.
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